Actinic keratoses, or “AKs,” are precancerous changes of the skin which present as pink or red scaly patches that often flake off, but continually reappear. Sometimes AKs are better palpated than seen, and most often occur in high sun exposed areas. Although not a skin cancer, AKs left untreated may eventually develop into a skin cancer. For this reason, AKs are treated with various modalities such a liquid nitrogen cold spray, topical chemotherapeutic creams, or with topical medication in conjunction with a light source called photodynamic therapy.
Toenail or fingernail fungus usually presents as a yellow thickening of the nail plate and may separate the nail from the nail bed. Because nails grow out slowly, this condition often takes months of continual treatment to completely clear the fungus. Topical solutions painted onto the nail may be sufficient for treatment, but resistant cases may require an oral medication.
“Spider veins” are superficially dilated veins that often appear over time in the legs and on the face. Increasing pressure in the veins causes blood to pool and results in small visible blood vessels. If these vessels are small and close to the surface of the skin, they can be treated with laser therapy. A short pulse from our laser can cut off blood supply to these non-essential veins and reduce their visibility. Deeper or large painful veins should be seen by a vascular surgeon.